Revised Spontaneity Assessment Inventory (SAI-R): Analysis of the factor in Brazilian sample

  • Maria Eveline Cascardo Ramos
  • Cláudia Cristina Fukuda
  • Paulo Henrique Souza Roberto
  • Alexandre Cavalcanti Galvão
Keywords: spontaneity, Revised Spontaneity Assessment Inventory, SAI-R, validation


The purpose of this study was to identify validity and reliability evidences of the Revised Spontaneity Assessment Inventory (SAI-R). A total of 439 adults and adolescents, divided into clinical and non-clinical groups, were composed, respectively, by users of two psychology clinics-school in Brasília (DF), and by college students and patient’s companions. In order to verify the factorial structure of the SAI-R, the Exploratory Factor Analysis was used; the solution with one factor was adequate for both groups. The internal consistency assessed using Cronbach’s alpha was 0.93 for the clinical group and 0.92 for the non-clinical one. The test was also able to discriminate the groups. The SAI-R has presented good validity and reliability evidence in the sample studied.


Download data is not yet available.


Batista, V. M. N. V. (2009). O psicodrama como abordagem psicoterapêutica à alexitimia: Espontaneidade e alexitimia em pacientes com lúpus (Dissertação de Mestrado). Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida (ISPA), Lisboa. Retirado de

Christoforou, A., & Kipper, D. A. (2006). The Spontaneity Assessment Inventory (SAI) anxiety, obsessive-compulsive tendencies, and temporal orientation. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 58, 119-129. doi: 10.3200/JGPP.59.1.23-34

Collins, L., Kumar, V., Treadwell, T., & Leach, E. (1997). The Personal attitude scale: A scale to measure spontaneity. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama and Sociometry, 49, 147-156.

Damásio, B. F. (2012). Uso da análise fatorial exploratória em psicologia. Avaliação Psicológica, 11(2), 213-228. Retirado de

Davelaar, P., Araujo, F. & Kipper, D. (2008). The Revised Spontaneity Assessment Inventory (SAI-R): Relationship to goal orientation, motivation, perceived self-efficacy, and self-esteem. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 35, 117-128. doi:

Gonzalez, A. J. (2012). Das relações entre espontaneidade, saúde e doença. Revista Brasileira de Psicodrama, 20(2), 39-51. Retirado de

Kellar, H., Treadwell, T., Kumar, V., & Leach, E. (2002). The personal attitude scale-II: A revised measure of spontaneity. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 55, 35-46. doi: 10.3200/JGPP.55.1.35-46

Kipper, D. A., & Hundal, J. (2005). The Spontaneity Assessment Inventory (SAI) and the relationship between spontaneity and non-spontaneity. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 58, 119-129. doi: 10.3200/JGPP.58.3.119-129

Kipper, D. A., & Shemer, H. (2006). The Revised Spontaneity Assessment Inventory (SAI): Spontaneity, Well-Being, and Stress. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 59, 127-136. doi: 10.3200/JGPP.59.3.127-136

Kipper, D. A., Green, D. J. & Prorak, A. (2010). The Relationship Among Spontaneity, Impulsivity, and Creativity. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 5(1), 39-53. doi: 10.1080/15401381003640866

Laros, J. A. (2012). Uso da análise fatorial: Algumas diretrizes para pesquisadores. In L. Pasquali, Análise fatorial para pesquisadores (pp. 141-160). Brasília, DF: LabPAM.

Moreno, J. L. (1944). Spontaneity test and spontaneity training. In Psychodrama and Group Psychotherapy Monographs (whole n. 4). New York: Beacon House.

Moreno, J. L. (1992). Quem sobreviverá? Fundamentos da sociometria, psicoterapia de grupo e sociodrama (R. Faria, A., D. L. Rodrigues, & M. A. Kafuri, Trads.) (G. F. Amaral, & P. M. Oliveira, Revisão Técnica). Goiânia: Dimensão.

Osborne, J. W., & Fitzpatrick, D. C. (2012). Replication analysis in exploratory factor analysis: What it is and why it makes your analysis better. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 17(15), 1-8. Retirado de

Testoni, I., Wieser, M., Armenti, A., Ronconi, L., Guglielmin, M. S., Cottone, P., &

Zamperini, A. (2016). Spontaneity as predictive factor for well-being. Psychodrama. Empirical Research and Science, 2, 11-23. doi:
How to Cite
Eveline Cascardo Ramos, M., Cristina Fukuda, C., Henrique Souza Roberto, P., & Cavalcanti Galvão, A. (2020). Revised Spontaneity Assessment Inventory (SAI-R): Analysis of the factor in Brazilian sample. Revista Brasileira De Psicodrama, 25(2), 8-18. Retrieved from
Artigos Inéditos