Intuitive Psychosociodrama before Moreno: A Christmas Carol by Dickens
Applying Morenian concepts to the literary structure of the novel A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens reveals a psychodrama internal to the story in which the characters function as director, protagonist and auxiliaries. The public readings by Dickens between 1853-1870 allowed the story’s transgression from psychodrama into sociodrama directed by Dickens and around poverty and labour – central themes and social issues throughout all of history. The use of surplus reality during catharsis generates the energy of this dynamic, complex “virtual system” which is maintained after the audience returns to “group mode” (their own lives) with post-performance processing as shown by contemporary newspaper articles and reports on the story’s impact.
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